Although needs and available resources will undoubtedly differ by country, many face similar challenges on the road to determining an essential package of health benefits as part of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
As part of three recent events, which saw hundreds working in health policy gather in Accra, Liverpool and London, iDSI sought to delve into important factors that guide the design of Essential Medicines Lists and Health Benefit Packages that can evidentially identify the potential value of different interventions.
The events allowed for an increased understanding of the value of Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and how it underpins strategic purchasing of health services for achieving UHC; and shone a light on ‘demonstration’ countries such as China and Ghana which are making large strides towards ensuring HTA is at the forefront of their policy agenda. Events on this scale are a result of the culmination of many years of engagement; and new partnerships that have enabled iDSI access to new LMIC partners, allowing for regional and global networking and knowledge sharing.
Setting Priorities Fairly: Sustainable Policies for Effective Resource Allocation saw almost 100 policy representatives from across Africa and Europe gathered in Accra, Ghana for a special event in September 2018 that focused on sustainable resource allocation policies for LMICs, co-hosted by iDSI and Health Technology Assessment International (HTAi). The event marks an important milestone in iDSI’s collaboration with Ghana which began in 2008 (via the Global Health and Development Group at Imperial College, formerly NICE International), as well as the nation’s commitment to realising a “Ghana beyond aid” as its booming economy puts it on course to transition from external development aid.
The two-day event, opened by Ghana’s Deputy Minister for Health Mr Kingsley Aboagye-Gyedu, set out to address the difficulties LMICs face with attaining UHC; and how to navigate inconsistent and dwindling healthcare funding. HTA was a key focus, with presentations including global experiences of HTA from eminent researchers, health economists and clinicians from the University of Ghana, Ghana’s National Health Insurance Authority, The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, World Health Organization, HTAi, iDSI and more.
During his keynote speech Mr Aboagye-Gyedu described how Ghana had incorporated HTA recommendations in its Standard Treatment Guidelines and Essential Medicines List because of its usefulness as tool to assuring value-for-money – from the design and management of benefit packages to the determination of reimbursement list of medicines. This follows a demonstration HTA study, carried out by Ghanian partners, with the support of iDSI, in 2016 which modelled different policy scenarios for the cost-effective management of hypertension. View our iDSI timeline to read more about Ghana’s journey towards UHC to date.
iDSI‘s newly released Health Technology Assessment Toolkit was launched at the event, with each delegate receiving the resource on a USB stick. The HTA Toolkit is a free, accessible resource for technical staff working in health policy keen to build HTA processes in their own countries and was developed in consultation with staff working in health policy around the world.
In October 2018 iDSI co-hosted a satellite session on the opening day of the Fifth Global Symposium on Health Systems Research in Liverpool, with Sida and CHAI, on Health financing towards UHC. Through the collaboration, the session brought together officials from Kenya, Zambia, Indonesia, Malawi – as well Eswatini and Rwanda, with whom iDSI had not previously engaged – representing ministries of health, national health insurers, a Prime Minister’s cabinet and academia. The panellists shared practical experiences from health financing reforms in their countries, with a focus on priority-setting and strategic purchasing. The overarching theme of the symposium was Health Systems for all in the Sustainable Development Goals era and it commemorated anniversaries of two significant global health events – the Alma Ata declaration and the 70 years of the UK National Health Service (NHS).
The same week saw iDSI welcome 22 delegates from China, from both clinical and non-clinical backgrounds, representing various departments within the Chinese Ministry of Health (National Health Commission); the China National Health and Development Research Center (Beijing and Shanghai); local policy makers from three provinces; and academics from Huazong, Beijing and Shanghai universities, to develop their understanding of the UK healthcare system, including health-related legislation and regulatory mechanisms, policy development and health reforms. The momentum behind HTA in China has in part been facilitated by longstanding relationships between the Global Health and Development Group and the enthusiasm of Chinese policy makers following UK study tours to learn about the NHS approach to setting priorities fairly.
The visit preceded the National HTA Congress in Beijing on 25 October 2018 which saw the formal launch of the National Center for Integrated Assessment of Pharmaceuticals and Health Technologies in China, and where iDSI support was noted at the opening event. One of the first major tasks of the national HTA Center will be to update the National Essential Drugs List taking into consideration cost-effectiveness criteria. The HTA Center’s work will be carried out by iDSI core partner the China National Health Development Research Center, a national think-tank set up in 2008 that provides evidence-based technical advice to national and provincial health policy-makers.
iDSI Director Professor Kalipso Chalkidou has said China “can lead the way” with regards to using HTA as a policy tool to contain spending and drive more equitable care. This follows Professor Chalkidou’s attendance to the National HTA Congress, detailed also in an opinion piece by BMJ senior editor Dr Tessa Richards, who also attended. View our iDSI timeline to read more about the evolution of HTA in China.
The annual study tours, which started in 2014 (under NICE International) have involved talks from expert representatives from the Department of Health, the Medicine and the Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency, Public Health England, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, the UK Health Forum and the London School of Economics.
2017’s study tour was timed so key individuals from the National Health and Family Planning Commission (replaced by the National Health Commission in 2018), CNHDRC and GHD could participate in the 5th UK-China People-to-People Health dialogue, attended by UK Secretary of State Jeremy Hunt; NHFPC Vice Minister Cui Li; and the Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Public Health and Primary Care Steve Brine and Margaret Chan, former Director-General of the World Health Organization.
We have made slides available from:
What’s In What’s Out contains in-depth case studies of how LMICs have grappled with and guidance on designing Health Benefits Packages for UHC.