As India moves towards the achievement of Universal Health Coverage (UHC), finding robust and evidence-based answers to the challenges of defining which services should be publicly funded, for whom and how, becomes increasingly important. The introduction of ‘Modicare’, the nascent health insurance scheme announced out by the Indian Federal Government to cover some 500 million citizens, brings with it a complex collection of challengers for State policy-makers to address. These include an urgent need to rationalise multiple insurance schemes, their benefits and their purchasing and contracting strategies; and enhance quality monitoring, to assure that public subsidies for health insurance are being well spent and maximising population health gains.
A workshop was held on 25 and 26 February in Guwahati, Assam, in the North East of India to address some of these pressing issues. The workshop was co-hosted by the Government of Meghalaya, the Indian Institute of Public Health Shillong and iDSI partners from the Centre for Global Development and Imperial College London.
The two-day event was opened by Shri Samir Sinha, Principle Secretary Health, Government of Assam, and brought together over 50 participants from six of the North Eastern States. Delegates represented local government, and academic, non-government, and multi-lateral organisations such as the World Health Organization, The World Bank, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and UNICEF.
This international interactive workshop was the first event of its kind to be held in the North East of India and provides an important opportunity for iDSI to explore and strengthen collaborative engagement in this region; and for North Eastern States to showcase their proactive engagement towards health system strengthening.
The workshop sought to explore international best practices for defining and implementing successful Health Benefits Packages, highlight common pitfalls and share lessons for success – drawing from the iDSI publication ‘What’s in, what’s out: Designing Benefits for Universal Coverage’. Presentations and practical group work sessions provided some answers, options and choices in response to the important challenges that State governments are facing in relation to the refining of their own State Insurance Schemes and design of their health benefit packages.
A recent collaborative analysis by IIPH Shillong and Imperial College London of the Meghalaya Health Insurance Scheme (MHIS) was presented for the first time at the conference. This analysis tracked the evolution and enhancement of the scheme over time as the State progresses towards improving population health and highlighted key areas for development under the next phase of the MHIS.